China to continue green transition to peak carbon and neutrality
BEIJING, October 21, 2022 /PRNewswire/ — China will actively implement policies to achieve the goals of reaching peak carbon emissions by 2030 and carbon neutrality by 2060, vice minister of ecology and ‘Environment Zhai Qing said Friday.
China made the commitments at the United Nations General Assembly in 2020.
“Climate change is a leading global challenge and an issue of common concern to the international community. General Secretary Xi Jinping has repeatedly stressed that tackling climate change is not something others are asking us to do, but something we want to do,” Zhai told a press conference on the sidelines of the 20th National Communist Party Congress in Beijing. China (CCP).
“As the largest developing country in the world, China will achieve the world’s largest reduction in carbon emissions intensity and move from peak carbon to carbon neutrality in the shortest time in history, which fully demonstrates the country’s sense of responsibility as a great country.” , he noted.
To achieve the goals, China will accelerate the low-carbon transition in key areas and vigorously push the synergy of pollution reduction and carbon reduction, Zhai said.
The country will also advance the domestic carbon market in a steady and orderly manner, accelerate the research, promotion and application of low-carbon technologies, and promote low-carbon production and a green lifestyle, he added.
Significant progress in the green transition
China has made significant progress in the low-carbon transition.
Over the past decade, the country has maintained an average economic growth rate of 6.6 percent with an average annual energy consumption growth rate of only 3 percent, according to Zhai.
In 2020, China the intensity of carbon emissions fell by 48.4% compared to 2005, exceeding the target he had promised to the international community, he underlined.
In 2021, carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP decreased by 34.4% compared to 2012.
In the same year, the share of coal in its primary energy mix fell to 56%, compared to 68.5% in 2012 and 72.4% in 2005. At the same time, the share of non-fossil energies in its total energy consumption reached 16 .6%.
In 2021, China installed renewable energy capacity exceeded 1 billion kilowatts, with wind, solar, hydro and biomass all ranking first in the world.
The country has also seen the largest increase in forest resources and the largest reforestation area in the world, leading the global greening effort, Zhai said.
China alone account for 25% of the global net increase in leaf area, with only 6.6% of global plant area, according to a Boston University NASA satellite tracking study from 2000 to 2017, published in Nature Sustainability in 2019.
In addition, the country has launched the world’s largest carbon market in terms of the amount of greenhouse gas emissions covered, thus bringing the role of the market mechanism into play in controlling greenhouse gas emissions. and the promotion of the low carbon transition.
Actively contributing to global climate governance
China has also actively contributed to global climate governance, Zhai noted.
China upholds multilateralism and the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, he said, adding that the country has promoted the signing, entry into force, as well as implementation of the Paris Agreement .
The country has taken an active part in South-South cooperation on climate change. He has done his best to help other developing countries, especially small island countries, African countries and least developed countries, to improve their climate response capacity to reduce the adverse effects of climate change, has Zhai said.
Besides, positive progress has been made in promoting the green development of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), Zhai said. Proposed by China in 2013, the BRI envisions trade and infrastructure networks linking Asia with Europe and Africa along the ancient Silk Roads.
China established an international coalition for green development of the “Belt and Road” in 2019, which endeavored to strengthen policy dialogues and joint research, and to support the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, did he declare.
The coalition currently has more than 150 partners from more than 40 countries.
Efforts have been made to improve innovation and exchange of green technologies and cultivate talents in environmental management.
“We have trained about 3,000 environmental management personnel, experts and scholars from more than 120 countries, building consensus and synergy for green development,” Zhai said.
Ahead, China will work with all parties to actively participate in the global governance of climate change. It will promote an equitable and rational global climate governance system for win-win outcomes, continue to deepen South-South cooperation on climate change and contribute China strength, wisdom and solutions to the response to global climate change, he said.